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The Loss of Landscape Ecological Functionality in the Barcelona Province (1956-2009) : Could ...

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TELLO, Enric, Joan MARULL, Roc PADRO, Claudio CATTANEO a Francesc COLL. The Loss of Landscape Ecological Functionality in the Barcelona Province (1956-2009) : Could Land-Use History Involve a Legacy for Current Biodiversity? Sustainability, Basel: MDPI, 2020, roč. 12, č. 6, s. 1-15. ISSN 2071-1050.
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Základní údaje
Originální název The Loss of Landscape Ecological Functionality in the Barcelona Province (1956-2009) : Could Land-Use History Involve a Legacy for Current Biodiversity?
Autoři TELLO, Enric, Joan MARULL, Roc PADRO, Claudio CATTANEO a Francesc COLL.
Vydání Sustainability, Basel, MDPI, 2020, 2071-1050.
Další údaje
Originální jazyk angličtina
Typ výsledku Článek v odborném periodiku
Stát vydavatele Švýcarsko
Utajení není předmětem státního či obchodního tajemství
WWW URL
Organizace Fakulta sociálních studií - Masarykova univerzita
UT WoS 000523751400085
Klíčová slova anglicky land use and cover change (LUCC); landscape heterogeneity; intermediate disturbance ecology; biodiversity; land sparing and land sharing conservation policies
Změnil Změnil: RNDr. Daniel Jakubík, učo 139797. Změněno: 19. 11. 2020 01:46.
Anotace
Could past land uses, and the land cover changes carried out, affect the current landscape capacity to maintain biodiversity? If so, knowledge of historical landscapes and their socio-ecological transitions would be useful for sustainable land use planning. We constructed a GIS dataset in 10 x 10 km UTM cells of the province of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) for 1956 and 2009 with the changing levels of farming disturbance exerted through the human appropriation of photosynthetic net primary production (HANPP), and a set of landscape ecology metrics to assess the impacts of the corresponding land-use changes. Then, we correlated them with the spatial distribution of total species richness (including vascular plants, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals). The results allow us to characterize the main trends in changing landscape patterns and processes, and explore whether a land-use legacy of many complex agroforest mosaics maintained by the intermediate farming disturbance managed in 1956 could still exist, despite the decrease or disappearance of those mosaics before 2009 due to the combined impacts of agroindustrial intensification (meaning higher HANPP levels), forest transition (meaning lower HANPP levels) and urban sprawl. Statistical analysis reveals a positive impact of the number of larger, less disturbed forest patches, where many protected natural sites have been created in 1956-2009. However, it also confirms that this result has not only been driven by conservation policies and that the distribution of species richness is currently correlated with the maintenance of intermediate levels of HANPP. This suggests that both land-sharing and land-sparing approaches to biodiversity conservation may have played a synergistic role owing to the legacy of complex land cover mosaics of former agricultural landscapes that are now under a serious threat.
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Loss_of_Landscape_Ecological_Functionality.pdf   Verze souboru 19. 11. 2020

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  • osoba Mgr. Lucie Vařechová, uco 106253
  • osoba RNDr. Daniel Jakubík, uco 139797
  • osoba Mgr. Jolana Surýnková, uco 220973
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Přidat do schránky Zobrazeno: 23. 11. 2020 18:05

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