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Limonka Gmelinova ( Limonium gmelinii ) na dálnicích České republiky

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KOCIÁN, Petr, Jiří DANIHELKA, Attila LENGYEL, Jindřich CHRTEK, Michal DUCHÁČEK and Pavel KÚR. Limonka Gmelinova ( Limonium gmelinii ) na dálnicích České republiky (Limonium gmelinii on the motorways in the Czech Republic). Acta rerum naturalium. 2016, vol. 19, No 1, p. 1-6. ISSN 1801-5972.
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Basic information
Original name Limonka Gmelinova ( Limonium gmelinii ) na dálnicích České republiky
Name (in English) Limonium gmelinii on the motorways in the Czech Republic
Authors KOCIÁN, Petr (203 Czech Republic), Jiří DANIHELKA (203 Czech Republic, guarantor, belonging to the institution), Attila LENGYEL (348 Hungary), Jindřich CHRTEK (203 Czech Republic), Michal DUCHÁČEK (203 Czech Republic) and Pavel KÚR (203 Czech Republic).
Edition Acta rerum naturalium, 2016, 1801-5972.
Other information
Original language Czech
Type of outcome Article in a journal
Field of Study Botany
Country of publisher Czech Republic
Confidentiality degree is not subject to a state or trade secret
RIV identification code RIV/00216224:14310/16:00088198
Organization Přírodovědecká fakulta - Repository
Keywords in English Plumbaginaceae; alien species; neophyte; halophyte; Czech Republic; Central Europe; phytogeography; motorway
Links GB14-36079G, research and development project.
Changed by Changed by: RNDr. Daniel Jakubík, učo 139797. Changed: 3/9/2020 07:04.
Abstract
Limonium gmelinii bylo v České republice jako zavlečený druh poprvé nalezeno v roce 2009 na krajnici dálnice D1 u Ostrovačic na Brněnsku. V roce 2013 bylo zaznamenáno také ve středním dělícím pásu dálnice D2 na jih od Brna.
Abstract (in English)
The paper describes finds of Limonium gmelinii on the D1 and D2 motorways in southern Moravia (south-eastern part of the Czech Republic). Limonium gmelinii is a plant of continental halophytic vegetation, such as saline steppes and marshlands, with a large distribution range extending from south-eastern Europe over southern Ukraine, south-eastern European Russia to southern Siberia in the east and some parts of Central Asia in the south. It is reported here for the first time as a naturalized alien species of the Czech flora. Until now it has been known from four sites, of which one is situated on the D1 motorway near the village of Ostrovačice, west of the city of Brno (first recorded by J. Danihelka in 2009), and three on the D2 motorway southeast of Brno, near the villages of Otmarov, Opatovice and Rakvice (first recorded by P. Kocián in 2013 but already recognizable on Street View photographs of Google Maps from August 2009). The Ostrovačice site, harbouring a single specimen, is the only place where L. gmelinii is found at the road verge under steel beam barriers. At the remaining three sites, in contrast, plants are always found in the central reservation. While the population near Rakvice consists of up to 40 flowering specimens, the populations near Opatovice and Otmarov are less numerous, consisting of about 5 and 2 flowering individuals, respectively. The identification of our specimens (deposited at BRNU and OL) as L. gmelinii seems to be almost certain; however, we refrained from identification to the microspecies level (as L. hungaricum or L. hypanicum , both described by M. V. Klokov) because the infraspecific variation of L. gmelinii is insufficiently known. We assume that the seeds of L. gmelinii were introduced to the Czech motorways via international traffic from Hungary but this assumption is based solely on geographic considerations and cannot be supported by any other arguments.
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